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Here is What They Look For During an Inspection:Disc Brakes:
- Disc brake rotors and pads
- Calipers and hardware
- Brake drums and shoes
- Wheel cylinders
- Return springs
- Master cylinder
- Brake fluid and hoses
- Power booster
Brakes didn't always work in the same way. The technology used to get your vehicle to stop has been in the works for 100 years. They have gone from basic stopping mechanisms to advanced and much more effective equipment. Your brake system may very, but most commonly it will have disc brakes in the front and disk or drum brakes in the back. In order for everything to work properly, your brake system is connected with lines and hoses so that each wheel can stop. There is a master cylinder that is also linked to each wheel so that brake fluid can be supplied.
The entire braking system/equipment can be described best in pairs of two:
Your master cylinder controls pressure. When you press down on your brake pedal, this cylinder turns that force into hydraulic pressure. That process brings brake fluid to the wheel brakes.
Brake Lines and Hoses:
This is the basic delivery system of brake fluid. It consists of lines and high pressure brake hoses.
Wheel Cylinders and Calipers:
Wheel cylinders consist of cylinders surrounded by two rubber-sealed pistons that connect the piston with the brake shoe. When brake pressure is applied, pistons are forced out, pushing the shoes into the drum. Calipers squeeze brake pads onto the rotor to stop your car. Both components apply pressure to friction materials.
Friction Materials/Disc Brake Pads and Drum Brake Shoes:
A disc brake uses fluid (released by the master cylinder) to force pressure into a caliper, where it presses against a piston. The piston then squeezes two brake pads against the rotor, forcing it to stop. Brake shoes consist of a steel shoe with a steel shoe with friction material bonded to it.
How It Comes Together:
You start off by hitting the brake pedal, which triggers fluid to release through your network of brake lines/hoses and to the wheels. It happens because the pedal pushes a plunger like mechanism in the master cylinder. Brake fluid is unable to compress so as a result it travels with the same motion and pressure as when it is first released. Problems come when air gets into the lines. Air does compress, which results in an uneven braking experience that feels more spongi when you press on the pedal. To fix this, you just need to remove bleeder screws that are on each wheel cylinder so all the air gets released.